How do you use Who vs Whom, and what is the difference?

who vs whom

English grammar can be a complex labyrinth, and one of the most perplexing challenges it poses is the proper usage of “who” vs “whom.” While both words pertain to individuals, they are not interchangeable, and comprehending their distinct roles can significantly elevate your writing and communication skills. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into the intricacies that differentiate “who” from “whom” and provide illuminating examples to illustrate their precise application.

When it comes to choosing between “who” and “whom,” the key lies in understanding their grammatical functions within a sentence. “Whom” is used as an object, representing the person receiving an action, while “who” functions as a subject, signifying the person performing the action. To determine whether to employ “whom” or “who,” you must ask a fundamental question: Is the word functioning as the subject or the object of the sentence?

When to use whom vs who?

“Whom” is used when referring to the object of a sentence, particularly when the individual is the recipient of an action. It is used to identify the person who is affected by the action of the verb. In contrast, “who” is employed when referring to the subject of a sentence, the individual who performs the action.

What is Whom Meaning?

“Whom” finds its purpose in referencing the object of a sentence. It is used when you want to inquire about or describe the person who is receiving the action of the verb. In other words, “whom” is the correct choice when you want to know to whom or for whom something is being done.

For example, consider the sentence, “To whom did you lend your pen?” The word “whom” here is used to inquire about the person who received the action of lending the pen.

Object of a verb Definition

To fully grasp the concept of “whom,” it is essential to understand the role of the object of a verb. The object of a verb is a noun or pronoun that stands as the receiver of the action carried out by the verb. It answers the questions “whom” or “what” following the action. For instance, consider the sentence, “She greeted whom?” Here, the word “whom” signifies the receiver of the greeting, and its corresponding pronoun is “him.”

Preposition Definition

Moreover, “whom” frequently emerges following a preposition. Prepositions are essential components of language that exhibit the relationship between nouns/pronouns and other elements in a sentence. When “whom” is situated after a preposition, it is the correct selection to make. For example, “With whom are you going to the party?” In this instance, the preposition “with” establishes a relationship between the pronoun “whom” and the action of going to the party.

Whom vs Who Examples

Let us now explore some illuminating examples to cement our understanding of the contrast between “whom” and “who.”


  • “To whom did you lend your pen? (Object of the verb “lend”)” (Correct)
  • “With whom are you going to the party? (Following the preposition “with”)” (Correct)

When to use who vs whom?

Conversely, “who” assumes a role diametrically opposed to that of “whom.” It is utilized to reference the subject of a sentence – the individual who performs the action. When you encounter the word “who,” it is often a signal that a question pertaining to identity, occupation, or other characteristics is being asked.

What is Who meaning

To comprehend “who” fully, it is essential to grasp the concept of the subject of a sentence. The subject of a sentence is the noun or pronoun responsible for executing the action of the verb. It seeks to answer the questions “who” or “what” preceding the verb. For instance, consider the question, “Who greeted her?” In this case, “who” serves as the subject of the verb, and the corresponding pronoun is “she.”

What is the subject in the sentence?

In various sentences, the identification of the subject plays a pivotal role in determining whether “who” or “whom” is appropriate. When asking, “Who greeted her?” The word “who” serves as the subject of the verb “greeted,” and it helps us understand who performed the action of greeting.

Who vs Whom Examples

Let us now explore some illuminating examples of “who” in various contexts:


  • ” Who is coming to the meeting? (Subject of the sentence)” (Correct)
  • “Who wrote this beautiful poem? (Subject of the verb “wrote”)” (Correct)

Should I use Whom or Who

To simplify the conundrum of “whom” versus “who,” it is vital to identify the function of the word within the sentence – whether it serves as a subject or an object. Opt for “who” if it fulfills the role of the subject, and select “whom” if it serves as the object. Being mindful of this distinction will significantly enhance the clarity and correctness of your language.

Whom or Who vs Their or There – What is the difference?

It is not uncommon for individuals to mistakenly interchange “whom” and “who” with “their” and “there,” respectively. However, it is crucial to recognize that these words serve entirely different purposes in sentence construction.

While “whom” and “who” revolve around the proper usage of pronouns, “their” and “there” involve possessive pronouns and adverbs. “Their” is a possessive pronoun used to indicate ownership or belonging to a group of people. For example, “The students showcased their projects.”

On the other hand, “there” is an adverb used to indicate a location or point to something. For example, “The book is over there on the shelf.”

Who or whom in a sentence?

Properly utilizing “who” or “whom” when constructing a sentence is paramount to ensuring clear and effective communication. When composing a question, identify the person you are referring to and determine their role in the sentence – subject or object – before choosing between “who” and “whom.”

10 sentences examples of whom

  1. To whom should I address this letter? (Whom refers to the person receiving the letter)
  2. The prize will be awarded to whom the judges select. (Whom refers to the person the judges choose)
  3. Whom did you invite to the party? (Whom refers to the people being invited)
  4. The CEO, whom everyone admires, will be speaking at the conference. (Whom refers to the CEO)
  5. Whom should I contact for more information? (Whom refers to the person to be contacted)
  6. The lawyer interviewed the witnesses, one of whom was the defendant. (Whom refers to the witnesses, and one of them is the defendant)
  7. The captain of the team, whom we all respect, led the victory celebration. (Whom refers to the team captain)
  8. Whom can I trust with this secret? (Whom refers to the person trustworthy enough to be entrusted with the secret)
  9. The manager praised the employees, some of whom had worked overtime. (Whom refers to the employees, and some of them worked overtime)
  10. The prestigious award will go to whom the committee deems most deserving. (Whom refers to the person the committee deems most deserving)
  11. Grasping the distinction between “who” and “whom” will elevate your writing proficiency and transform you into a more articulate and effective communicator. By using the correct form based on the word’s role in the sentence, your language will exude polish and grammatical finesse, making your written and spoken communication more impactful.

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